Wednesday, 15 February 2017


(a) 3 x online articles (From Google or other search engines)(Not checked)
(b) 1 x Book or ebook (From National Libraries, Info-hub, purchased, owned or borrowed)(Checked)
(c) 1 x Journal or e-journal (From National Library or Google Scholar)(Checked)

Wijnen, B., Anzalone, G. C., & Pearce, J. M. (2014). Open-source mobile water quality testing platform. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Retrieved January 12, 2017, from ,4(3), 532. doi:10.2166/washdev.2014.137
Water, U. N. (2011). Water Quality. Retrieved January 10, 2017, from
ISO 7027-1:2016(en) Water quality — Determination of turbidity. Retrieved January 12, 2017, from

Turbidity -- Units of Measurement. (2013, January 4). Retrieved January 12, 2017, from

Sunday, 12 February 2017

Photo of Group mates and introduction(S2-03)

ISS Development of a water quality sensor(S2-03)

Group Leader: Isaac(13)
Introduction: Does electronics and Arduino. Setup and code creator.

Member: Max(8)
Introduction: Report writer and blog editor. Lab equipment retriever

Member: Lucas(23)
Introduction: Report writer and blog editor. Formatting checker

Wednesday, 4 January 2017

Funding of Science

The funding of science comes mainly through 2 major sources,  the government and the private companies, usually the research and development department. The government funds can be either carried out by the government itself or through funds provide by outside the government. These people are called research councillors

During the 18th and 19th century, the progress of technology has increased after the Industrial Revolution of 1815 to 1845(1840s), inventors have used their own funds to create their inventions. However, the market had great inventors who became rich or inventors whose products were never interesting, making them little profit.

However, nowadays, the market has a technological advancement, making it tougher as there are more tough competitors.

Private funding can come from philanthropists, crowd funding, private companies etc. These people are know to pour millions of dollars into research. Many large companies have poured billions of dollars to these innovators so that they will have a head start for their company.

Hard money vs Soft money:

In academic contexts, hard money may refer to funding received from a government or other entity at regular intervals, thus providing a steady inflow of financial resources to the beneficiary. The antonym, soft money, refers to funding provided only through competitive research grants and the writingwriting of grant proposal   

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What is Science?

The Scientific Method

Steps of the Scientific Method. (n.d.). Retrieved January 5, 2017, from

The Scientific Method is the rules experimentation, observation and questioning. It can be conducted through a series of steps,

  • Ask a Question
    • Asking Questions will help define your topic  and give you a direction
  • Do Background Research
    • Before starting, doing background research can help you to strengthen your direction.
  • Construct a Hypothesis 
    • A basis for your experiment
  • Test with an experiment
    • Experiment to prove your hypothesis or to change you hypothesis
  • Procedure Working?
    • To determine whether your experiment is proceeding correctly
    • No
      • Troubleshoot procedure and go through all the steps 
    • Yes
      • Go to Analyse
  • Analyse Data and Draw conclusion 
    • Analyse to see if the results line up with the hypothesis and draw your final conclusion
    • Results align with Hypothesis
      • Success in proving your hypothesis 
    • Result Align partially or not at all with hypothesis 
      • Modify your hypothesis to get a definitive answer
  • Communicate Results
    • Tell Peers and relevant authorities about your experiment results